November 28, 2011, at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved April 29, 2006. The Age of Spiritual Machines. Retrieved May 31, 2006. A b c Kurzweil, Raymond (2005). Christian theologians and lay activists of several churches and denominations have expressed similar objections to transhumanism and claimed that Christians attain in the afterlife what radical transhumanism promises, such as indefinite life extension or the abolition of suffering.
Mischowski,., Kross,., Bushman,. "Nanoscience and nanotechnologies (Ch. AI pioneer Joseph Weizenbaum criticizes what he sees as misanthropic tendencies in the language and ideas of some of his colleagues, in particular Marvin Minsky and Hans Moravec, which, by devaluing the human organism per se, promotes a discourse that enables divisive and undemocratic social. Transhumanists responded that such criticisms reflect a failure to look at the actual content of the transhumanist philosophy, which, far from being cynical, is rooted in optimistic, idealistic attitudes that trace back to the Enlightenment. Her argument focuses on what she perceives as the pseudoscientific speculations and irrational, fear-of-death-driven fantasies of these thinkers, their disregard for laymen and the remoteness of their eschatological visions. War Against the Weak: Eugenics and America's Campaign to Create a Master Race.
5 Sometimes, as in the writings of Leon Kass, the fear is that various institutions and practices judged as fundamental to civilized society would be damaged or destroyed. 83 The physicist and transhumanist thinker Giulio Prisco states that "cosmist religions based on science, might be our best protection from reckless pursuit of superintelligence and other risky technologies." 84 Prisco also recognizes the importance of spiritual ideas, such as the ones of Nikolai Fyodorovich. What the French fin de siècle social theorist Gabriel Tarde called 'the grooves of borrowed thought'." 18 A subgenre of self-help book series also exists: such as the for Dummies guides and The Complete Idiot's Guide.
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